What is Government? - Solutions

 CBSE Class–VI Social Science

NCERT Solutions
Political Science Chapter 3
What is Government

Question 1. What do you understand by the word 'government'? List five ways in which you think the government affects your daily life.
Answer : 
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of a legislature, executive, and judiciary.
The government affects our daily life in the following ways:

  1. It protects our boundaries.
  2. It provides us with a school, health center, hospitals, dispensaries etc.
  3. It makes law for the benefits of the people and implements them.
  4. It solves our social issues and economic issues like discrimination, poverty, unemployment.
  5. It provides us with basic infrastructure facilities like water, electricity etc.

Question 2. Why do you think the government needs to make rules for everyone in the form of laws?
: The law serves many purposes and functions in society.

  1. It prevents the misuse of their powers.
  2. It measures the security of the nations.
  3. To avoid disorder, confusion, and anarchy in a country.
  4. To protect liberties and rights.
  5. It helps in proper functioning and decision making of the government.

Question 3. Name two essential features of a democratic government.
 The two essential features of a democratic government are:

  1. Democracies people do not participate directly but, instead, choose their representatives through an election process.
  2. The representatives meet and make decisions for the entire population.

Question 4. What was the suffrage movement? What did it accomplish?
 The suffrage movement means the right to vote or franchise. It was the struggle for the right of women to vote and run for office and is part of the overall women's rights movement. This movement organised by the British women in the early 20th century to win political rights and for the participation in government. During the World War-1, the struggle for the right to vote got strengthened.
Accomplishments of Suffrage Movement : It accomplished its goal and included the women in the mainstream of voting and government. Women began to be seen as being equally capable of doing hard work and making a decision.

Question 5. Gandhi Ji strongly believed that every adult in India should be given the right to vote. However, a few people don't share his views. They feel that illiterate people, who are mainly poor, should not be given the right to vote. What do you think? Do you think this would be a form of discrimination? Give five points to support your view and share these with the class.
In India, before Independence, only a small minority was allowed to vote. The poor, women, the property-less and the uneducated were not allowed to vote. We think that the people must be given the right to vote.
The given statement shows it a case of discrimination because of the following:

  1. All citizens are equal by law.
  2. According to the constitution, there is no difference between a man and woman, a poor and a rich, black and white people.
  3. The laws are not made for men only.
  4. All citizens must be granted right to vote.