Asepsis and Infection Control

  Asepsis Asepsis is the state of being free from disease-causing contaminants (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites) or, preventing contact with microorganisms. The term asepsis often refers to those practices used to promote or induce asepsis in an operative field in surgery or medicine to prevent infection. Medical asepsis Includes all practices intended to confine a specific microorganism to a specific area Limits the number, growth, and transmission of microorganisms Objects referred to as clean or dirty (soiled, contaminated) Surgical asepsis Sterile technique Practices that keep an area or object free of all microorganisms Practices that destroy all microorganisms and spores Used for all procedures involving sterile areas of the body Principles of Aseptic Technique Only sterile items are used within sterile field. Sterile objects become unsterile when touched by unsterile objects. Sterile items that are out of vision or below the waist level of the nurse are considere