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B-1 Ch-1 Cold War - Revision Notes

CBSE Class 12 Political ScienceRevision Notes
Chapter-1
The Cold War EraCuban Missile Crisis made the whole world suspecious by creating clashes between the two superpowers, the US and the USSR namely Cold War.Cold War referred to competitions, tensions and series of confrontations between the super powers.The end of Second World War, was also the beginning of the Cold War. The worldwar ended when the US dropped atomic bombs on Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 to stop the Soviet Union from making military and political gains in Asia.Both the powers became reluctant to initiate war to protect world from large scale destruction as they were aware that no political gains would justify the distruction of their societies.The greed of expansion of their spheres of influence divided the world into alliances.
The US built western alliances which formalised into three organisations namelyNorth Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO),South East Asian Treaty Organisation (SEATO)…