Urban Livelihoods - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-28 Urban Livelihoods

  1. Who is Bachchu Manjhi?
    1. Government worker
    2. Teacher
    3. Garment worker
    4. Cycle-Rickshaw Puller
  2. What are the duties performed by Sudha works as a Marketing Manager?
    1. checking the progress report
    2. collecting payments from shopkeepers
    3. to plan the sales in the entire city
    4. all of these
  3. A market is a place where ________.
    1. Offices are constructed
    2. Goods are offered for legal selling.
    3. Only shoes are offered for sale
    4. Coins are offered for sale
  4. Which authority issues licence to the permanent shops to do business?
    1. High Court
    2. Police
    3. Supreme Court
    4. Municipal corporation
  5. Which among the following is a big city where more than a million people live?
    1. Mumbai
    2. Delhi
    3. Kolkata
    4. All of these
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) Agriculture and mining are a few examples of(a) Street vendors
    (ii) People employed on a daily basis(b) Call Centres
    (iii) Foreign companies(c) Casual worker
    (iv) Certain parts of the city are banned for(d) Primary industries
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. ________ is a centralised office that deals with problems and questions that consumers/customers have regarding goods purchased and services like banking, ticket booking, etc.
    2. The orders and payments from the shopkeepers are given to the ________.
    3. A dentist falls in the category of ________ sector.
    4. In a survey of ________ city, it was found that 12 percent of all the workers in the city were working on the street.
  8. State true or false:
    1. Casual workers can complain about their pay or working conditions.
    2. A vendor is a person who buys things.
    3. The secondary occupation includes banking, transport, teaching, etc.
    4. People who have their own business are self-employed.
  9. Why is the government considering a relaxation of laws concerning street vendors?
  10. How many percentages of people work on the streets of Ahmedabad? What works are they engaged in?
  11. Who are self-employed people? Give examples.
  12. What are the benefits of regular and permanent workers?
  13. Describe the working conditions of the workers in factories.
  14. What are the various ways of earning a livelihood in urban areas? Discuss.

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-28 Urban Livelihoods


  1. (d) Bachchu Manjhi
    Explanation: Bachchu Manjhi is a Cycle-Rickshaw Puller. After he came to the city, he bought an old cycle rickshaw and paid for it in instalments.
  2. (d) all of these
    Explanation: Sudha works in a company of the Government as a marketing manager. She collects payments from shopkeepers. She meets each salesperson once a week. She checks their progress and discusses and sorts out their problems. She plans sales for the whole city.
  3. (b) Goods are offered for legal selling.
    Explanation: A market is a medium that allows buyers and sellers of a specific good or service to interact in order to facilitate an exchange. This type of market may either be a physical marketplace where people come together to exchange goods and services in person, as in a bazaar or shopping centre, or a virtual market wherein buyers and sellers do not interact, as in an online market.
  4. (d) Municipal Corporation
    Explanation: Licence to do business is issued by the municipal corporation. The Municipal Corporation also decides on which day of the week the market has to remain closed.
  5. (d) All of these
    Explanation: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Chennai are all big cities where the population exceeds way more than a million people.
  6. (i) - (d), (ii) - (c), (iii) - (b), (iv) - (a).
    1. Call centre
    2. Salesperson
    3. Service
    4. Ahmedabad
    1. False
    2. False. A vendor sells things.
    3. False. The transformation of raw materials into finished goods is called secondary occupations.
    4. True
  7. The government is thinking about modifying the law that banned street vendors, so that they have a place to work and that there is also a free flow of traffic and people
  8. According to a survey, 12% of all the workers in the city of Ahmedabad work on the streets.
    1. They sell things
    2. They repair things
    3. They provide services
  9. In cities, a major part of the people is self-employed who run their own business and shops. They are independent to run their shows as they like. Their income is dependent on the hard work they put in. For example, shopkeepers and businessmen.
  10. The regular and permanent workers attend the office or factory regularly. Their work is clearly identified. They get a regular salary. Unlike casual workers, they will not be asked to leave if the factory does not have much work.
  11. The working conditions of the workers in factories are as follow:
    1. They have to work for 12 hours a day.
    2. They have to work in the day and night shifts on the machines. One worker for the first 12 hours, another for the next 12 hours on the same machine.
    3. If they protest in respect of working conditions or wages, they are dismissed from the job. They are not well-treated.
  12. People in urban areas are engaged in a variety of activities in order to earn their living. Some are doing the work of a cobbler while some are barbers busy with their work. A number of people earn their livelihood by pulling a rickshaw. Vendors are also seen here and there selling household articles. In urban areas, showrooms of different items can be seen. These showrooms are run by business persons. These people employ a number of workers as supervisors and helpers for their showrooms. Several urban people are engaged in factories where they work for long hours. They don't have job security still they continue to do their work because they don't have other options. But there are also people who do office work with full job security. They get regular salary and enjoy other benefits of job like savings for old age, holidays, medical facilities, etc. Working in Call Centres is a new form of employment in big cities. It has attracted a large number of young men and women. Thus, we see that with a growing population, job opportunities have also increased and people are availing these opportunities according to their talent and aptitude.