The Mughal Empire - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

The Mughal Empire

  1. What were the affects of teaching of bigots?
    1. War among subjects
    2. Universal peace among subjects
    3. Division and disharmony among subjects
    4. Harmony among the subjects
  2. Name the new religion founded by Akbar.
    1. Christian-i-illahi
    2. Din-i-Illahi
    3. Sikh-i-illahi
    4. Hindu-i-illahi
  3. Babur defeated the Sultan of delhi________ in April 1526 AD.
    1.  Ibrahim Lodhi
    2. Ghouri
    3. Humayun
    4. Ghazni
  4. Abul Fazl wrote the book called
    1. Akbar Nama
    2. Siraj-e-Hind
    3. Minhaj-i-Siraj
    4. Abul Nama
  5. Shah Abbas (1588-1629) was a Safavid ruler of
    1. Turkey
    2. Iraq
    3. Afghanistan
    4. Iran
  6. Column A
    1. Military paymaster
    2. This minister in charge of religious and charitable patronage
    3. Military commander
    4. Town Police Commander
    5. Financial officer
    6. Sawar
    Column B
    1. Kotwal
    2. Diwan
    3. Cavalryman
    4. sadr
    5. Bakhshi
    6. Faujdar
  7. Fill in the blanks:

    Abul Fazl, Akbar’s friend and counsellor, helped him frame the idea of ________  so that he could govern a society composed of many religions, cultures and castes.

  8. State true or false:

    Prince Khurram is known as Jahangir.

  9. Who received the title of 'Nur Jahan'?

  10. Who was victorious amongst Shah Jahan's sons in the conflict over succession?

  11. How important was the income from land revenue to the stability of the Mughal Empire?

  12. Aurangzeb insulted Shivaji when he declared himself an independent king and resumed campaigns against the British. What was the consequence of it?

  13. Describe jagirdars and their duties.

CBSE Worksheet 01
The Mughal Empire


  1. (c) Division and disharmony among subjects Explanation: Bigot is an individual who is intolerant of another person’s religious beliefs or culture. Religious scholars who emphasised ritual and dogma were often dogma bigots. Their bigots teachings created divisions and disharmony amongst the subjects.
  2. (b) Din-i-Illahi Explanation: The Din-i Ilahi("Religion of God") was a syncretic religion propounded by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1582 AD, intending to merge the best elements of the religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his subjects.The elements were primarily drawn from Islam and Hinduism, but some others were also taken from Christianity,Jainism and Sikhism
  3. (a)  Ibrahim Lodhi Explanation: Babur, the first Mughal emperor (1526- 1530), succeeded to the throne of Ferghana in 1494 when he was only 12 years old. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. In April 1526 he defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, and his army at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra.
  4. (a) Akbar Nama Explanation: Akbar Nama
  5. (d) Iran Explanation: Iran
  6. (I)-(e), (ii)-(d), (iii)-(f), (iv)-(a), (v),-(b), (vi)-(c)

  7. Sulh-i-Kul

  8. False
  9. After Mehrunnisa got married with Emperor Jahangir, in 1611 she received the title of Nur Jahan.

  10. Aurangzeb was victorious.

  11. The land revenue was an important source of the income of the Mughal Empire. It was because the money collected as taxes was spent in maintaining a large army, building forts, purchasing weapons and fighting wars. Revenues earned by taxing lands was also spent in initiating welfare schemes for the poor. The monetary security provided by the money earned through taxing lands helped in the overall strengthening of the Mughal Empire and provided stability to it.

  12. Shivaji went to Agra to accept the Mughal authority. But after being insulted by Aurangzeb, Shivaji resumed his campaign's against the Mughals. Prince Akbar rebelled against Aurangzeb and received support from the Marathas and the Deccan Sultanate. He finally fled to Safavid, Iran. From 1698, Aurangzeb personally managed campaigns in the Deccan against the Marathas who started Guerrilla warfare which was difficult to suppress.

  13. In Akbar’s time, jagirs were carelessly assessed so that their revenues were roughly equal to the salary of the Mansabdar. Mansabdars received their salaries as revenue assignments called jagirs. By Aurangzeb’s time situation changed and the actual revenue collected was often less than the granted sum. There was also a huge increase in the number of mansabdars which led to a shortage in the number of jagirs. As a result, many jagirdars tried to extract as much re