The Delhi Sultans - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

The Delhi Sultans

  1. Tax on cultivation was called
    1. Iqta
    2. Zakta
    3. Siri
    4. Kharaj
  2. A mosque is called a masjid in Arabic, literally a place where a _______ prostrates in reverence to Allah.
    1. Muslim
    2. Christian
    3. Hindu
    4. Sikh
  3. Minhaj-i-Siraj was a

    1. Historian

    2. Chronicler

    3. Samanta

    4. Sultan

  4. Muhammad Tughluq built Begumpuri mosque in his capital _____.
    1. Delhi
    2. Hastinapur
    3. Patna
    4. Agra
  5. Muslims stand facing Mecca. In India this is to the ____
    1. South
    2. North
    3. East
    4. West
  6. Match the following:

    (a) Kharaj(i) 1219
    (b) Tawarikh(ii) Iqtadar
    (c) Iqta(iii) Accounts of Sultan
    (d) Genghis Khan(iv) TAx
  7. Fill in the blanks:

    Founder of Lodi Dynasty was ________.

  8. State true or false:

    The Sultanate collected taxes from peasantry.

  9. Who were the rulers under Khalji dynasty?

  10. Who was successor of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq?

  11. What was the position of Delhi Sultans in the 13th century?

  12. Write a note on Khalji dynasty.

  13. In spite of many administrative changes, why Muhammad Tughluq’s regime were a failure? Explain with examples.

CBSE Worksheet 01
The Delhi Sultans


  1. (d) Kharaj Explanation: There were three types of taxes that were collected during Delhi sultanate:(1) tax on cattle. (2)tax on houses. (3)tax on cultivation called kharaj and amounting to about 50 per cent of the peasant’s produce.
  2. (a) Muslim Explanation: A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam (Muslims). Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but are now found in all inhabited continents. The mosque serves as a place where Muslims can come together for salat("prayer") as well as a center for information, education, social welfare, and dispute settlement. The imam leads the congregation in prayer.
  3. (b) Chronicler Explanation: Chronicler 
  4. (a) Delhi Explanation: Begumpuri mosque was built in the reign of Muhammad bin Tughluq. It was the main mosque of Jahanpanah(Jahanpanah was the fourth medieval city of Delhi established in 1326–1327 by Muhammad bin Tughlaq(1321–51), of the Delhi Sultanate).Tughlaq built the fortified city of Jahanpanah “Sanctuary of the World”, his new capital in Delhi.
  5. (d) West Explanation: During prayer, Muslims stand facing Mecca. In India this is to the west. This is called as qibla. Mecca, is a desert valley in western Saudi Arabia, Islam’s holiest city, as it’s the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the faith itself. Dating from the 7th century, the central Masjid al-Haram surrounds the Kaaba(qibla).
  6. (a) - (iv), (b) - (iii), (c) - (ii), (d) - (i)

  7. Bahlul Khan Lodi

  8. True

  9.  The rulers under Khalji dynasty were:

    1. Jalaluddin Khalji (1290-1296).
    2. Alauddin Khalji (1296-1316).
  10. Firuz Shah Tughluq was the successor of Muhammad-bin-Tughluq.

    1. In the early 13th century the control of the Delhi Sultans rarely went beyond heavily fortified towns occupied by garrisons.
    2. The Sultans seldom controlled the hinterland of the cities and were therefore, dependent upon trade, tribute or plunder for supplies.
    1. Balban’s successors were very weak. Gradually, one of the commanders, Jalaluddin Khalji established the Khalji dynasty (1290-1296).
    2. He was murdered by his ambitious nephew Alauddin.
    3. Alauddin Khalji was an able commander and a great administrator.
    4. He conquered Gujarat, Malwa, Ranthambore and Chittor.
    5. Alauddin was a great reformer and is famous for his social reforms.
    6. He was even successful in countering the Mongol attack. Alauddin’s empire was as large as that of Ashoka.
    7. Ghazi Malik, murdered the last ruler of Khalji dynasty, Khusran Khan, and occupied the throne of Delhi.
  11. Muhammad Tughluq introduced many significant changes in his administrative system. In spite of all these changes, his regime was a failure.
    His major administrative failures were:

    1. He campaigned into Kashmir but it proved a disastrous campaign. He then gave up plans to attack Transoxiana and disbanded his large army.
    2. He shifted the residents of the old city to Daulatabad in the South. They resented collectively due to this.
    3. In order to meet the expense of maintaining a large number of soldiers, levied additional taxes which increased the burden of the common man.
    4. The famine in the Ganga-Yamuna belt led to widespread rebellion.
    5. People did not trust the token currency that was launched by Sultan. They saved their gold and silver coins and paid all their taxes to the state with the token currency. This cheap currency could also be counterfeited easily.