Panchayati Raj - Solutions

 CBSE Class–VI Social Science

NCERT Solutions
Political Science Chapter 5
Panchayati Raj

Question 1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
The main problem faced by the people of the Hardas village are:

  1. Acute shortage of water. The hand pump water has gone well below the point up to which the ground has been drilled. They hardly get any water in the taps.
  2. Women have to go to the Suru river which is 3 k.m. away to get water.

The solution they found is:

  1. Piping water from the river Suru and making an overhead tank in the village.
  2. Deepen the hand pumps and clean the wells for this session.
  3. Finally, they came with the permanent solution of conserving water or watershed development.

Question 2. What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
 Gram panchayat plays an important role in providing some benefits for the community life of the rural people. Some of the functions are meant for improving the economic life of the rural people. Local problems of the villagers can be discussed in the meeting and can recommend solutions to the problems and their needs.
Yes, it is important to all the members to attend the meeting of Gram Sabha. It secures the participation of the villagers in the commodity development. It is the forum where they can discuss the welfare programmes of the village.

Question 3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
 The link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat are:

  1. Gram Sabha elects the members of the Gram Panchayat.
  2. The Gram Panchayat is answerable to the members of Gram Sabha.
  3. Gram Sabha comes to know about the problems of the people and try to solve them.

Question 4. Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/nearby rural area and find out the following:
a. Why it was taken up.
b. Where the money came from.
c. Whether or not the work has been completed.
 (a) Task: A connecting road from the village to the main road.
(b) FundMajor part of the money came from the State Government and a minor part of the money came from the Gram Panchayat Fund.
(c) Yes, the work has been completed on time.

Question 5. What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer: Gram Sabha
 Gram panchayat (i) Grama Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a panchayat. Every adult man and woman in the village who has attained the age of 18 years or above are the members of the Gram Sabha. (i) A Gram Panchayat is elected by the people of the village. (ii) The number of members can be between 100 to 1000. (ii) The number of members can be from 7 to 31. (iii) There is no concept of reservation. (iii) Out of the total, l/3rd seats are reserved for women and some for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes. (iv) The members and the body are permanent Ward members, panchs and the panchayat president are the members question

6. Read the following news item.
Nimon is a village on the Chauphula -Shirur Road. Like many others, this village has also been facing a severe water shortage for the last few months and villagers depend on tankers for all their needs. Bhagvan Mahadeo Lad (35) of this village was beaten with sticks, iron rods and axes by a group of seven men. The incident came to light when some villagers bought a badly injured Lad to the hospital for treatment. In the FIR, recorded by the police Lad said that he was attacked when he insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into the storage tank constructed as part of water supply scheme by Nimon Gram Panchayat so that there would be an equal distribution of water. However, he alleged that the upper caste men were against this and told him that the tanker water was not meant for the lower castes.

Adapted from Indian Express, May 1, 2004.

a. Why was Bhagavan beaten?
b. Do you think the above is a case of discrimination? Why?

Answer: a. There was an acute water shortage in Nimon village and the villagers had to depend on tankers for their needs. So when the tanker came in the village, Bhagvan insisted that the water in the tanker must be emptied into storage tanks constructed as part of the water supply programme by Nimon Gram Panchayat so that there would be an equal distribution of water. But the upper caste men were against this and therefore they beat Bhagavan to suppress his demand.
b. Yes, it is a clear-cut case of discrimination as the higher cast people do not want to give comfort to the lower caste people. They also want to deny the lower caste people even the basic need for drinking water.

Question 7. Find out more about watershed development and how it benefits an area?
Answer: Watershed development refers to the conservation regeneration and the judicious use of all the resources – natural ( like land, water plants, animals) and human – within the watershed area.
Benefits of watershed development are:

  1. It makes the land fertile and supports the growth of trees, plants, and cultivation.
  2. It helps in the preservation of water and its resources.
  3. Prevents soil erosion.
  4. It helps in conservation of water by plantation.