Our Country India - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-18 Our Country India

  1. ________ are very fine soils brought by the rivers and deposits in the river basins.
    1. Alluvial Deposits
    2. Literate deposits
    3. Black Deposit
    4. Eroded Deposits
  2. Which of the following rivers does not drain in the Bay of Bengal?
    1. Krishna
    2. Narmada
    3. Kaveri
    4. Godavari
  3. What is the extent of India in terms of longitude?
    1. 68o7' E - 97o25' E
    2. 8o7' E - 67o25' E
    3. 6o7' E - 77o25' E
    4. 38o7' E - 87o25' E
  4. The river Ganga originates from ________ in the Himalayas.
    1. Gangotri
    2. Gomati
    3. Yamuna
    4. Kaveri
  5. Kathmandu is the capital of ________.
    1. Nepal
    2. Bhutan
    3. Pakistan
    4. Afghanistan
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) The Peninsular(a) Broken and uneven
    (ii) The Eastern Ghats(b) Triangular in shape
    (iii) The Western Ghats(c) Continous
    (iv) The Great Indian desert(d) Western part
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. ________ islands are coral islands.
    2. The latitude that runs almost halfway through India is ________.
    3. India has an area of about ________.
    4. ________ became 29th state of India in June 2014.
  8. State true or false:
    1. Lakshadweep Islands are coral islands.
    2. The Bay of Bengal lies east to India.
    3. Himalaya means abode of snow.
    4. Ocean contributes its water to the main river to form a big river.
  9. Name the largest state and smallest state of India in terms of area.
  10. How many Union Territories and States are there in India? Which states have a common capital?
  11. Why is there a wide difference in the local time of places located at two extreme points of India?
  12. Name and explain the two groups of islands in India.
  13. How can one prove that India is a country of vast geographical expanse?
  14. Describe the three main parallel ranges of the Himalayan mountains.

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-18 Our Country India


  1. (a) Alluvial Deposits
    Explanation: Alluvial Deposits are very fine soils, brought by rivers and deposited in the river basins It consists of silt, sand, clay, and gravel, as well as much organic matter that is carried by a river.
  2. (b) Narmada
    Explanation: Narmada rises from Amarkantak Plateau near Anuppur district. It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India and flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km before draining through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km west of Bharuch city of Gujarat.
  3. (a) 68°7'E and 97°25'E
    Explanation: From south to north, the mainland of India extends between 8°4'N and 37°6'N latitudes. From west to east, India extends between 68°7'E and 97°25'E longitudes.
  4. (a) Gangotri
    Explanation: Gangotri glacier is the place of origin of the river Ganga. Ganga is the most sacred of the Indian rivers. The Ganges is the source of sustenance of life in the great Indian plains and it is at Gangotri that the remarkable journey of Ganga begins.
  5. (a) Nepal
    Explanation: Kathmandu is the capital city of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It is the largest metropolis in Nepal.
  6. (i) - (b), (ii) - (a), (iii) - (c), (iv) - (d).
    1. Lakshadweep
    2. The Tropic of Cancer
    3. 3.28 million square kilometres
    4. Telangana
    1. True
    2. True
    3. True
    4. False, Tributaries contribute the main river to form a big river.
  7. The largest state is Rajasthan and the smallest state is Goa in terms of area in India.
  8. India is a vast country. For administrative purposes, the country is divided into 29 States and 9 Union Territories The state of Punjab and Haryana share a common capital called Chandigarh.
  9. India extends between 68°7’E and 97°25’E longitudes. Due to the great longitudinal extent of about 29°, there could be a wide difference in the local time of places located at two extreme points of India. The difference between these two points would be of about two hours.
  10. Lakshadweep Islands are located in the Arabian Sea. These are coral islands located off the coast of Kerala. The Andaman and the Nicobar Islands lie to the southeast of the Indian mainland in the Bay of Bengal. These two groups of islands also form part of India.
  11. India is a country of vast geographical expanse because:
    1. In the north, it is bounded by the lofty Himalayas.
    2. The Arabian Sea in the west, the Bay of Bengal in the east and the Indian Ocean in the south.
    3. It has an area of about 3.28 million sq. km.
    4. The north-south extent from Kashmir to Kanyakumari is about 3,200 km.
    5. The east-west extent from Arunachal Pradesh to Kuchchh is about 2,900 km.
    6. There is a great variety in the climate, vegetation, wildlife as well as in the language and culture.
  12. The Himalayan mountains are divided into three main parallel ranges are:
    1. Great Himalayas: It is the northernmost range of the Himalayas. It is also known as Himadri. The Great Himalayas contain many of the world’s tallest peaks, including (from west to east) Nanga Parbat, Annapurna, Mount Everest, and Kanchenjunga. The range’s total length is 1,400 miles (2,300 km), and it has an average elevation of more than 20,000 feet (6,100 metres).
    2. Middle Himalayas: It lies in between the Shiwaliks in the south and the Greater Himalayas in the north. It is also called the Himachal or Lower Himalaya. Many popular stations are situated here. Some of the popular hill stations are Manali, Kullu, Shimla, etc.
    3. Shiwalik: It is the southernmost range of the Himalayas. It is also known as the outer Himalayas. It is located between the Great Plains and Lesser Himalayas.