Maps - Solutions

 CBSE Class–VI Social Science

NCERT Solutions
Geography Chapter 4

Question 1: Answer the following questions briefly.

  1. What are the three components of a map?
  2. What are the four cardinal directions?
  3. What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?
  4. How are maps more helpful than a globe?
  5. Distinguish between a map and a plan.
  6. Which map provides detailed information?
  7. How do symbols help in reading maps?


  1. Distance, direction, and symbols are the three components of a map.
  2. North, South, East, and West are the four cardinal directions.
  3. The ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map is 'the scale of the map'.
  4. Maps provide us with more information than a globe. When we want to study the Earth as a whole, a globe is useful. But, when we want to study only a part of the Earth, it is of little help. We use maps for this purpose. The entire Earth’s surface or a part of it can be represented by a map.
    Maps can be used to show the physical features of the Earth such as mountains, plains, oceans, rivers, etc.; the political divisions of the Earth like countries, states, cities, villages, etc.; and certain specific information about roads, rainfall, forests, industries, etc.
  5. MapPlan
    A map is a representation or a drawing of the Earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.
    It can be used for representing large areas like continents or countries (small scale maps), and also for representing a small area like a village or a town (large scale maps).It is used for representing those things that cannot be represented in a map. For example, the length and the breadth of a room cannot be shown in a map. A plan is used for this purpose.
  6. A large scale map provides detailed information than small scale maps. A large scale map only shows a small area like our village or town, but it shows it in great detail.
  7. It is not possible to draw on a map the actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, bridges, trees, railway lines or a well. So, they are shown by using certain standard letters, shades, colours, pictures, and lines. These symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. Maps can be drawn easily using these symbols. The use of symbols makes maps simple to read. Even if one doesn't know the language of an area and therefore cannot ask someone for directions, one can collect information from maps with the help of these symbols.

Question 2: Tick the correct answers.

  1. Maps showing distribution of forests are
    1. Physical maps
    2. Thematic maps
    3. Political maps
  2. The blue colour is used for showing
    1. Water bodies
    2. Mountains
    3. Plains
  3. A compass is used
    1. To show symbols
    2. To find the main directions
    3. To measure distance
  4. A scale is necessary
    1. For a map
    2. For a sketch
    3. For symbols


  1. (ii) Thematic maps
  2. (i) Water bodies
  3. (ii) To find the main directions
  4. (i) For a map