Major Landforms of the Earth - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-17 Major Landforms of the Earth

  1. Mauna Kea is higher than Mount Everest being:
    1. 10,245 metres high
    2. 10,205 metres high
    3. 10,235 metres high
    4. 10,255 metres high
  2. Glaciers are found in:
    1. Hills
    2. Plateau
    3. Mountain
    4. Plain
  3. ________ is unbroken flat land.
    1. Hills
    2. Plateau
    3. Mountains
    4. Plain
  4. Which plateau is known as Peninsular plateau?
    1. North
    2. Chotanagpur
    3. Sahara
    4. Deccan
  5. Which of the following is not a volcanic mountain?
    1. Vosges
    2. Fujiyama
    3. Cotopaxi
    4. Krakatau
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) Young fold mountains(a) Volcanic activity
    (ii) Rich stock of natural resources(b) Mt. Kilimanjaro
    (iii) Volcanic mountains are formed through(c) Himalayas
    (iv) Example of volcanic mountains(d) Mountains
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. ________ is the most useful area for human habitat.
    2. Mountains vary in their ________ and ________.
    3. The ________ range is the example of one of the oldest fold mountains in India.
    4. The Rhine valley is the example of ________ mountains.
  8. State true or false:
    1. The wearing away of the earth surface is called erosion.
    2. There are some mountains lying undersea.
    3. Mauna Kea is an undersea mountain.
    4. A rich variety of flora and fauna is found in the mountains.
  9. Write any one difference between a mountain and a plateau?
  10. What are the different types of mountains?
  11. Write the names of old fold mountains that have rounded features and low elevation.
  12. Give information about plains.
  13. Explain Volcanic mountains with examples.
  14. What are the major landforms? Write about them in brief 

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-17 Major Landforms of the Earth


  1. (b) 10,205 metres high
    Explanation: Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean is an undersea mountain. It is higher than Mount Everest being 10,205 metres high.
  2. (c) Mountain
    Explanation: In some mountains, there are permanently frozen rivers of ice. They are called glaciers.
  3. (d) Plain
    Explanation: Plains are large stretches of unbroken flat land.
  4. (d) Deccan
    Explanation: The Deccan Plateau is triangular in shape and surrounded by water on its three sides. Hence, it is called as a peninsular plateau.
  5. (a) Vosges
    Explanation: Block Mountains are created when large areas are broken and displaced vertically. The uplifted blocks are termed as horsts and the lowered blocks are called graben. The Rhine valley and the Vosges mountain in Europe are examples of such mountain systems.
    Volcanic mountains are formed due to volcanic activity. Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa and Mt. Fujiyama in Japan are examples of such mountains.
  6. ​​​​​​(i) - (c), (ii) - (d), (iii) - (a), (iv) - (b).
    1. Plains
    2. Heights, Shape
    3. Aravali
    4. Block
    1. True
    2. True
    3. True
    4. True
  7. A mountain is any natural elevation of the earth surface whereas a plateau is an elevated flat land.
  8. Fold mountains, block mountains and volcanic mountain are the different types of mountains.
  9. The Appalachians in North America and the Ural mountains in Russia have rounded features and low elevation. They are very old fold mountains.
    1. A relatively flat and a low lying land surface with the least difference between its highest and lowest points is called a plain.
    2. Plains are large stretches of flat land on the earth’s surface.
    3. The elevation of plains is generally limited to about 200 metres above the mean sea level.
    4. Plains are very useful for agriculture.
  10. A mountain formed due to volcanic activity is called Volcanic Mountain. It is formed by the continued and constant accumulation of volcanic material such as lava and various molten rocks around the volcanic vent. The materials go on accumulating on the mountain top over time. Examples of Volcanic Mountains are; Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Fujiyama.
  11. The major landforms are mountains, plateaus and plains.
    1. Mountains: They are natural elevation of the earth surface. They are higher than in the surrounding area. Some mountains are very high. They are even higher than the clouds. Some mountains have permanently frozen rivers of ice known as glaciers. Mountains are generally thinly populated regions because the climate is harsh there. Farming is also not easily possible there. But mountains provide us with water. They have a rich variety of flora and fauna.
    2. Plateaus: They are usually flat-topped tableland and are higher than the surrounding area. Plateaus may be young or old. The Deccan plateau in India is one of the oldest plateaus. Plateaus are very useful for mankind. They have rich deposits of minerals such as diamond, gold, iron, manganese etc. Several waterfalls can be found in the plateau regions.
    3. Plains: They are vast stretches of flat land. They are mostly formed by rivers and their tributaries. Plains are usually fertile lands. Hence, the thick population is found there. Construction of a transport network is easy. Cultivation is also easy. Plains also provide level land for the construction of houses or buildings. In India, the Indo-Gangetic plains are the regions where 1 can find a great concentration of population.