Key Elements of a Democratic Government - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-23 Key Elements of a Democratic Government

  1. The ________ is responsible for ensuring peace and harmony at the place.
    1. Lawyers
    2. Police
    3. Court
    4. Industry
  2. South Africa is located in continent of ________.
    1. Asia
    2. Latin America
    3. Africa
    4. None of these
  3. Among the following high ideals, which was not inspired by people during the national struggle of freedom?
    1. Democracy
    2. Secular
    3. Socialist
    4. Violence
  4. Who played an important role in banned the untouchability?
    1. Rajendra Prasad
    2. Jawaharlal Nehru
    3. Mahatma Gandhi
    4. Dr. B.R. Ambedka
  5. Which of the following is false regarding the discrimination made to Black in South Africa?
    1. There were different hospitals and ambulances for blacks and whites.
    2. An ambulance meant for white people would always be well equipped while one meant for black people was not.
    3. There were separate trains and buses. Even the bus stops were different.
    4. Non-whites were allowed to vote
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) Apartheid mean(a) Magazines
    (ii) African National Congress(b) Representative democracy
    (iii) India(c) Nelson Mandela
    (iv) Mass media(d) Separation
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. In a ________, people elect their leaders to represent them.
    2. The ________ lays down basic rules that everyone needs to follow.
    3. Voting rights were not available to non-________ in South Africa.
    4. Nelson Mandela became President in ________.
  8. State true or false:
    1. South Africa is a country that has people of several races.
    2. Equality means all are not equal in the eye of law.
    3. Cauvery water dispute is between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states.
    4. Democracy is a good standard for evaluating political life.
  9. What is democracy? Give two examples.
  10. What was the local language practised in South Africa?
  11. How does our society value the girl or the boy child?
  12. Why was Hector Pieterson shot by the police?
  13. Give ways of participating in the process of government.
  14. Give information about Racial discrimination in South Africa. Why was the African National Congress (ANC) formed?

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-23 Key Elements of a Democratic Government


  1. (b) Police
    Explanation: It is the responsibility of the police to maintain law and order in the country. Hence police see that there exists peace.
  2. (c) Africa
    Explanation: Africa
  3. (d) Violence
    Explanation: The idea of Non-violence was focused on.
  4. (d) Dr. B.R. Ambedka
    Explanation: In his childhood he experienced untouchability. So he decided to abolish untouchability and bring equality among people.
  5. (d) Non-whites were allowed to vote
    Explanation: This statement is false because in South Africa non-whites have no right to vote. There was racial discrimination in South Africa.
  6. (i) - (d), (ii) - (c), (iii) - (b), (iv) - (a).
    1. Democracy
    2. Indian Constitution
    3. Whites
    4. 1994
    1. True
    2. False (Equality means all are equal in the eye of law)
    3. True
    4. True
  7. Democracy is a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting and are free to elect their representatives. Two examples India and the USA.
  8. The local language practised in South Africa was Zulu.
  9. Society does not value the girl and boy child equally. In our society, there is a general tendency to value and care for the boy child more than the girl child.
  10. One black township was the South Western Township (Soweto). Hector Pieterson lived here and he and his classmates joined the protest against learning the Afrikaans language in school. This was the language that the whites spoke. Hector and other school students were being forced to learn this language but they wanted to learn their own language, Zulu. The South African police beat up the protestors mercilessly and shot at the crowd. One of their bullets killed Hector. This was on 16 June 1976.
  11. The ways of participating in the process of government are as follows:
    1. Elections are the way to ensure people’s participation information of government. 
    2. Apart from participating in government formation, people also have many other means of participating in the democratic process. This can happen through staging mass protests and also through participating in debates on the media.
    3. Protest marches and demonstrations (dharna) are the main tools of mass protest. 
    4. Some people also raise their voice through debates on television. Many others raise their voice by writing on social media or by writing letters to the editors of the newspaper.
  12. South Africa is a country of several races including black people who belong to South Africa, the whites who came there to settle, Indians who came as labourers and traders and so on. Earlier, the country was governed by Apartheid laws. Apartheid means separation on the basis of race. African people were divided into white, black, Indian and coloured races. According to the law, these races were not allowed to mingle with each other, live near each other or even use common facilities.
    The African National Congress, a group of people led the struggle against apartheid and their most well-known leader, Nelson Mandela fought the apartheid system for several years. Finally, they succeeded and in 1994 South Africa