Diversity and Discrimination - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-21 Diversity and Discrimination

  1. ________ prevent us from doing certain things that we might otherwise be good at.
    1. Discrimination
    2. Prejudice
    3. Stereotypes
    4. None of these
  2. Who belongs to the Mahar caste?
    1. Rajendra Prasad
    2. B.R.Ambedkar
    3. Mahatma Gandhi
    4. Jawahar Lal Nehru
  3. The weaker and backward sections of the society are protected by the ________.
    1. Tribes
    2. Dalits
    3. State
    4. Public
  4. What does the first page of the Indian constitution states?
    1. Freedom of Speech
    2. Cultural and Educational rights.
    3. Equality of status and opportunity
    4. Right to elementary education
  5. The diversity is not always celebrated because we feel ________ with people who look, talk, dress and think like us.
    1. Secure
    2. Unsafe
    3. Uncomfortable
    4. Strange
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) Discrimination(a) Lower castes
    (ii) Stereotype(b) Difference between boys and girls
    (iii) Gender Difference(c) A fixed idea about a particular type of person
    (iv) Untouchables(d) To treat one person inferior to another in an unfair way
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. ________ is one of the communities which were treated as untouchables in the Bombay Presidency.
    2. Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar is considered as ________ of the Indian constitution.
    3. ________ fought for the well-being of the Dalits.
    4. Full form of ST is ________.
  8. State true or false:
    1. All Indians have the same national language.
    2. Prejudice and stereotypes lead to discrimination.
    3. Prejudice means when we fix people into one image.
    4. Government jobs are open to the people who come from the upper caste.
  9. Define discrimination.
  10. What are the facilities available in Kerala for Muslim girls which have made girl education more than any other part of the country?
  11. How did India become a secular country?
  12. How have Indians strived for equality? Give an example.
  13. Write a note on the background of Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar
  14. What are the main causes of discrimination?

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-21 Diversity and Discrimination


  1. (c) Stereotypes
    Explanation: Stereotypes stop us from looking at each person as a unique individual with his or her own special qualities and skills that are different from others. They fit large numbers of people into only one pattern or type. Stereotypes affect all of us as they prevent us from doing certain things, that we might otherwise be good at.
  2. (b) B.R.Ambedkar
    Explanation: B.R Ambedkar belongs to Mahar caste. Mahar is one of the communities which are treated as untouchables in the Bombay.
  3. (c) State
    Explanation: The weaker and backward sections of the society are protected by the State
  4. (c) Equality of status and opportunity.
    Explanation: The first page of the Constitution that clearly states that all Indians are entitled to equality of status and opportunity.
  5. (a) Secure
    Explanation: There are many things that make us what we are, how we live, the languages we speak, what we eat, wear, the games we play and the things we celebrate. All of these are influenced both by the geography and history of the place where we live. Yet this diversity is not always celebrated. We feel safe and secure with people who look, talk, dress and think like us.
  6. (i) - (d), (ii) - (c), (iii) - (b), (iv) - (a).
    1. Mahar
    2. Father
    3. B. R. Ambedkar
    4. Scheduled Tribe
    1. True
    2. True
    3. False. When we fix people into one image we create a stereotype.
    4. False. Government jobs are open to all people.
  7. Discrimination means treating one person inferior to another in an unfair way. Discrimination happens when people act on their prejudices or stereotypes.
  8. In the state of Kerala, the distance between the school and the home is not much. There is a good government bus service that helps teachers reach schools in rural areas and over sixty percent of the teachers are women. These factors have helped children from poorer families, including Muslim girls, attend school in much larger numbers.
  9. India becomes a secular country because:
    1. People of different religions and faiths have the freedom to practice and follow their religion without any fear of discrimination.
    2. It is also seen as an important element of our unity i.e. we all live together and respect one another.
  10. Many of our freedom fighters also fought against caste-based discrimination which was prevalent in India. Gandhiji coined the term ‘Harijan’ for those from the untouchable castes. He did a great deal of work in removing prejudices from people’s minds. B R Ambedkar was another leading figure who fought against caste-based discrimination. When Indian became a free nation, the founding fathers of our nation began the process of building a new nation. Caste-based discrimination was made a crime as per the constitution. The constitution also made provisions for improving the conditions of the downtrodden. Constitution declared India as a secular country. This means that there is no official religion in India. All religions are equal in the eyes of the law. One cannot discriminate against another person on the basis of religion or caste.
  11. Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar (1891-1956) is considered the father of the Indian Constitution and is also the best known leader of the Dalits. Dr Ambedkar fought for the rights of the Dalit community. He was born into the Mahar caste, which was considered untouchable. The Mahars were poor, owned no land and children born to them also had to do the work their parents did. They lived in spaces outside the main village and were not allowed into the village. Dr Ambedkar was the first person from his caste who completed his college education and went to England to become a lawyer. He encouraged Dalits to send their children to school and college. He also urged Dalits to take on different kinds of government jobs in order to move out of the caste system. He led many efforts of Dalits to gain entry into temples. Later in life, he converted to Buddhism in his search for a religion that treated all members equally. Dr Ambedkar believed that Dalits must fight the caste system and work towards a society based on respect not just for a few but for all persons.
  12. Discrimination occurs when people act on their prejudices or stereotypes and because of several reasons. People belonging to different religions can be an aspect of diversity, but, can also be a source of discrimination. Some people who may speak a certain language, follow a particular religion, live in specific regions or so may be discriminated against as their customs or practices may be seen as inferior. Further, the matter of different economic backgrounds is not a form of diversity but of inequality. Some people may experience both kinds of discrimination. They are poor and belong to groups whose culture is not valued. Tribals, some religious groups and