Components of Food - Worksheets

 CBSE Worksheet-01

Class – VI Science (Components of Food)

  1. Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of
    1. Vitamin C
    2. Vitamin K
    3. Vitamin D
    4. Vitamin A
  2. Weak bones and tooth decay is caused by the deficiency of
    1. Carbohydrates
    2. Proteins
    3. Calcium
    4. Vitamin A
  3. Iodine solution is used to test
    1. Protein
    2. Starch
    3. Fats
    4. Vitamin D
  4. Which vitamin is destroyed during heating?
    1. Vitamin C
    2. Vitamin A
    3. Vitamin K
    4. Vitamin D
  5. Match the followings:
    Column AColumn B
    a. Vitamin Ai. Beri-Beri
    b. Vitamin Cii. Rickets
    c. Vitamin Diii. Scurvy
    d. Vitamin B1iv. Meat, egg, fish
    e. Rich in proteinsv. Night blindness
  6. Fill in the blanks.
    1. Lack of vitamins and minerals in our diet causes several ______ diseases.
    2. Pulses are rich in ______.
    3. Carbohydrates provide ______ to the body.
    4. Goitre is caused due to deficiency of ______ in our diet.
    5. _______ is called sunshine vitamin.
  7. What are the main components of food?
  8. Why are fats important for the body?
  9. Define balanced diet? Is this same for all persons.
  10. Mention the food constituents which may be lacking in one’s diet, in case of the following:
    1. A person suffering from anemia.
    2. A boy suffering from poor eye sight.
    3. A child suffering from marasmus
    4. A lady suffering from goitre

CBSE Worksheet-01
Class – VI Science (Components of Food)
Answer key

  1. d
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. (a) – (v), (b) – (iii), (c) – (ii), (d) – (i), (e) – (iv).
    1. Deficiency
    2. Proteins
    3. Energy
    4. Iodine
    5. Vitamin D.
  6. Main components of food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, roughage and water. These are also called nutrients.
  7. Fats are energy giving food in the absence of carbohydrates. By supplying energy, fats save proteins from being used for energy and allow them to perform their more important role of building and repairing tissues.Some fats are essential for our body as it helps in the absorption of some vitamins. They also acts as protective covering for many body organs.
  8. A balanced diet is one which contains all the nutrients in proper amount according to the age and work we do. No, it is different for different persons. A worker needs more carbohydrates than proteins. A growing child needs more protein and minerals for growth and development han a grown up man.
    1. Iron
    2. Vitamin A
    3. Protein and Carbohydrates
    4. Iodine