Buildings Paintings and Books - Worksheet

 CBSE Worksheet 01

Ch-11 Buildings Paintings and Books

  1. How were the colours used in these paintings made?
    1. Made of animals skin
    2. Made of plants and minerals
    3. Made of wood
    4. Made of human blood
  2. Who composed Meghaduta?
    1. Kalidasa
    2. None of these
    3. Banbhatta
    4. Surdasa
  3. Which of the following is false?
    1. there are several kinds of stupas, round and tall, big and small
    2. there is a small box placed at the right side of the stupa
    3. the dome like structure was sometimes covered with carved stone slabs
    4. a layer of mud brick or baked brick was added on top
  4. Who are the God and Goddess whose statues are worshipped in Temples during the ancient time?
    1. Allah
    2. Shiva, Vishnu and Durga
    3. None of these
    4. Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi
  5. In which language did Kalidasa write his plays and dramas?
    1. Sanskrit
    2. Tamil
    3. Hindi
    4. Pali
  6. Match the following:
    Column AColumn B
    (i) Kalidasa(a) Ramayana
    (ii) Vyasa(b) Aryabhatiya
    (iii) Aryabhatta(c) Mahabharata
    (iv) Valmiki(d) Meghadutam
  7. Fill in the blanks:
    1. ________ was a great astronomer.
    2. An early temple at Bhitargaon, Uttar Pradesh was built about ________ years ago and was made of baked brick and stone.
    3. ________ describes the story of the daughter of Kovalan and Madhavi.
    4. The capital Ayodhya in Ramayana was ________.
  8. State true or false:
    1. Merchant and farmers usually decided to build stupas and temples during this period.
    2. Mahabalipuram and Aihole are known for the finest stone temples.
    3. Sanskrit language was preferred over Pali.
    4. Meghaduta is a famous poem composed by Tulsidas.
  9. What was mandapa?
  10. Whose name is inscribed on the iron pillar at Mehrauli, Delhi?
  11. Write important events against the following dates:
    1. 2300 years ago
    2. 2000 years ago
    3. 1600 years ago
    4. 1500 years ago
    5. 1400 years ago.
  12. What do you understand by the Pradakshina path?
  13. What are the main features of the Hindu temples built around 1800 years ago?
  14. Write a detailed note on the Sanskrit epic.

CBSE Worksheet 01
Ch-11 Buildings Paintings and Books


  1. (b) Made of plants and minerals
    Explanation: The colours used in these paintings are derived from plants and minerals and are rich shades of ochre, lime, black, green and lapis lazuli.
  2. (a) Kalidasa
    Explanation: Kalidasa’s best-known poem is the Meghaduta. In this, a monsoon cloud is imagined to be a messenger between lovers who are separated from one another.
  3. (b) there is a small box placed at the right side of the stupa
    Explanation: There is a small box placed at the centre or heart of the stupa. This may contain bodily remains (such as teeth, bone or ashes) of the Buddha or his followers, or things they used, as well as precious stones, and coins.
  4. (b) Shiva, Vishnu and Durga
    Explanation: Deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, and Durga were worshipped in these shrines. The most important part of the temple was the room known as the Garbhagriha, where the image of the chief deity was placed.
  5. (a) Sanskrit
    Explanation: Writer such as Kalidasa wrote in Sanskrit.
  6. (i) - (d), (ii) - (c), (iii) - (b), (iv) - (a).
    1. Aryabhata
    2. 1500
    3. Manimekalai
    4. Kosala
    1. False (Kings or queens decided to build these as it was an expensive affair)
    2. True
    3. True
    4. False (Meghaduta is a famous poem composed by Kalidasa)
  7. Mandapa was a hall where people could assemble. It was built in most of the temples.
  8. There is an inscription on the pillar mentioning a ruler named Chandra, who probably belonged to the Gupta dynasty.
  9. DatesEvents
    2300 years agoBeginning of Stupa building.
    2000 years agoAmaravati came up. This was a place where a magnificent stupa once existed. Many of the stone carvings for decorating the stupa were made about 2000 years ago.
    1600 years agoKalidas, a great Sanskrit poet became very popular.
    1500 years agoIron pillar at Mahrauli in New Delhi, Temple at Bhitargaon was constructed, Paintings at Ajanta, Aryabhatta, the great Scientist of ancient India did wonderful work.
    1400 years agoDurga temple was the first time constructed.
  10. The Pradakshina Patha was a path that laid around the Stupa. This was surrounded by railings. Entrance to the path was through gateways. Devotees walked around the stupa in a clockwise direction, as a mark of devotion. Both railings and gateways were decorated with sculptures.
  11. Main features of the Hindu temples are as follows:
    1. Deities such as Vishnu, Shiva, and Durga were worshipped in these shrines. The most important part of the temple was the room known as the Garbhagriha, where the image of the chief deity was placed.
    2. It was here that priests performed religious rituals, and devotees offered worship to the deity.
    3. Often, as at Bhitargaon, a tower, known as the shikhara, was built on top of the Garbhagriha, to mark this out as a sacred place.
    4. Most temples also had a space known as the mandapa. It was a hall where people could assemble.
  12. The Mahabharata and Ramayana are the most popular of the epics and other religious books of the Hindus. They are also famous among the followers of other religion. The causes of their popularity are almost the same. The story of the Mahabharata tells family drama followed by a great war between the two groups of the same family, the Kauravas and Pandavas. Here, we learn how are fights for the right cause. The Pandavas are dethroned and banished diplomatically by their cousin Duryodhana. They are always subjected to humiliation and injustice. Finally, they are put in a great battle to get their own right. In the Mahabharata, we know how much tolerance one should have, how one can fight for a justified cause, how we should respect our elders, etc. There are so many teachings of the ideal life in it. The Gita, which constitute a part of the Mahabharata is in itself considered as a great epic. It unfolds all the mysteries of life, the life before and life after.
    In the same way, the Ramayana, written in the most popular language of the time, teaches us the high ideals of life. Rama, the most prominent character, shows how a man should follow the ideals of life. He possesses all the virtues of a highly idealistic and realistic human being. He follows the system in a humble way. He fights for justice and his right. This story is told in a very realistic way. It seems to be the story of a common man. So, it has a great appeal in our society till today.