Nutrition in Plants - Revision Notes

 CBSE Class 7 Science

Revision Notes 
Nutrition in plants


  • Nutrition: It is the mode of taking food by an organism and its utilization by the body.
  • Nutrients: The components of food that provide nourishment to the body.
  • All organisms take food and utilise it to get energy for the growth and maintenance of their bodies.
  • Green plants synthesise their food themselves by the process of photosynthesis. They are autotrophs.
  • Photosynthesis: Green plants prepare their own food with the help of chlorophyll (found in green plants), carbon dioxide and water taken from the environment in presence of sunlight . This process is known as photosynthesis.
  • Plants use simple chemical substances like carbon dioxide, water and minerals for the synthesis of food.
  • Chlorophyll and sunlight are the essential requirements for photosynthesis.
  • Complex chemical substances such as carbohydrates are the products of photosynthesis.
  • Solar energy is stored in the form of food in the leaves with the help of chlorophyll.
  • Oxygen is produced during photosynthesis.
  • Oxygen released in photosynthesis is utilised by living organisms for their survival.
  • Fungi derive nutrition from dead, decaying matter. They are saprotrophs.  Plants like Cuscuta are parasites. They take food from the host plant.
  • A few plants and all animals are dependent on others for their nutrition and are called heterotrophs.
  • Parasitic: Organisms that live on the body of other organisms.
  • All parasitic plants feed on other plants as either:
    (i) Partial Parasites: Obtain some of their nutrition from the host, e.g. painted cup
    (ii) Total Parasites: dependent completely on the host for nutrition, e.g. mistletoe.
  • Saprophytic: Organisms that obtain nutrition from dead and decaying plant and animal matter.
  • Mushrooms, moulds and certain types of fungi and bacteria.
  • Insectivorous PlantsGreen plants which obtain their nourishment partly from soil and atmosphere and partly from small insects. Example: pitcher plant, bladderwort, and venus fly trap.
  • Symbiosis: Mode of nutrition in which two different individuals associate with each other to fulfil their requirement of food.
  • Lichens found on tree trunks is the association between algae and fungus. Algae obtains water from fungus and it in turn obtains food from algae.