Nazism and the Rise of Hitler - Test Papers


Class –IX Social Science (Nazism and Rise of Hitler)

General Instruction:

  • All Questions are Compulsory.
  • Question No. 1 to 4 carries one mark each.
  • Question No. 5 and 10 carry three marks each.
  • Question No. 11 and 12 carry five marks each.

  1. Name the most oppressed race in Germany.
  2. Name the party founded by Hitler.
  3. Which was the purist race according to Hitler?
  4. Name the first German Republic.
  5. State the verdict of Nuremberg Tribunal. Why did the Allies avoid harsh punishments in Germany?
  6. Describe the events that happened in 1945, when Germany surrendered to Allies.
  7. State the features of the Sparta cist League.
  8. Explain any three reasons why the Weimer Republic was not received well by the people of Germany.
  9. Highlight three main features of the political system set up after the defeat of Imperial Germany in the First World War.
  10. Why did Germany suffer from hyperinflation in 1923?
  11. Highlight the effects of the recession of 1930 on the US economy.
  12. Highlight the effects of the recession of 1930 on the German economy.

Class –IX Social Science (Nazism and Rise of Hitler)

  1. Jews
  2. Nazi Party
  3. Aryan Race
  4. Weimer Republic
    1. Nuremberg Tribunal sentenced only eleven leading Nazis to death.
    2. Many others were imprisoned for life.
    3. The Allies were not in favour of harsh punishment to Nazis as they felt that the rise of Nazi Germany could be partly traced back to the German experience at the end of the First World War.
    4. They imposed Germany to give away all the territorial claims that caused economic tension among them. They were financially crippled. They were in national shame and psychological damage This lead to world war 2
    5. Allies were cautious enough or not being harsh to German again
    1. In May 1945, Germany surrendered to the Allies.
    2. Anticipating, Hitler his propaganda minister Goebbels and his entire family committed suicide collectively in his Berlin bunker in April.
    3. At the end of the war, an international Military tribunal at Nuremberg was set up to prosecute Nazi war criminals for crimes against peace, for war crimes and crimes against Humanity.
    4. Later, Hitler shot himself and committed suicide after losing the war, in April 1945.
  5. Three features of the Spartacist League:
    1. It revolted against the government of Weimar Republic.
    2. It demanded to shift power from elected Weimar Republic government to Spartacist League. 
    3. Later they formed German Workers Party to plan their own form of actions.
    1. Many Germans held the new Weimer Republic responsible for defeat in the war and disgrace at Versailles. 
    2. The Weimar Republic did not have any charismatic leaders. Friedrich Ebert, the first President of the Weimer Government was not a people’s leader. Instead, he was despised by patriotic Germans who saw him as a ‘November Criminal.’
    3. The Weimar Government being a new and inexperienced government had to deal with the complex problem of economic depression. Hyperinflation occurred as the government made the mistake of too much money to pay reparations.The Weimar Republic had to figure out how to pay reparations. 
    1. The defeat of Imperial Germany and the abdication of the emperor gave an opportunity to parliamentary parties to recast Germany policy.
    2. A National Assembly met at Weimer and established a democratic constitution with a federal structure.
    3. Deputies were now elected to the German Parliament or Reichstag, on the basis of equal and universal votes cast by all adults including women.
    1. Germany fought the war largely on loans and had to pay war reparations in gold. This heightened the economic crises of 1923. 
    2. The economic crises of 1923 created a situation when the prices of goods and services were very high.
    3. Germany retaliated with passive resistance and printed paper currency recklessly. With too much-printed money in circulation, the value of the German Mark fell.
    4. This crisis came to known as hyperinflation, a situation when prices rise phenomenally high.
    1. Wall Street Exchange crashed in 1929.
    2. Fearing in a fall in prices, people made frantic efforts to sell their shares.
    3. On a single day, 24 October, 13 million shares were sold. This was the start of the great depression.
    4. Over the next three years, between 1929 and 1932, the national income of the USA fell by half.
    5. Factories shut down, exports fell, farmers were badly hit and speculators withdraw their money from the market. 
    6. The effects of this recession in the US economy were felt worldwide.
    1. The German economy was the worst hit by the economic crisis. By 1932, industrial production was reduced to 40% of the 1929 level.
    2. Workers lost their jobs or were paid reduced wages.
    3. The number of unemployed touched an unprecedented 6 million.
    4. On the streets of Germany, we could see men with placards around their necks saying, ‘willing to do any work’.
    5. The economic crisis created deep anxieties and fear in People. The middle classes, especially salaried employees and pensioners, saw their savings diminish when the currency lost its value.
    6. Small businessmen, the self-employed and retailers suffered as their businesses got ruined.