Admission of a Partner - Test Papers

 CBSE Test Paper 01

Admission of a Partner
  1. Kamal and Rahul are partner’s in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 7:3. They admit Kaushal as a partner for 1/5th share. Kaushal acquires his share from Kamal and Rahul in the ratio of 3:2. The goodwill of the firm has been valued at Rs.25000. Kaushal paid Rs.10000 privately to X and Y as his share of goodwill. What should be the journal entry
    1. No entry will be passed

      Rahul A/c Dr.

      Kamal A/c Dr.

      To Kaushal A/c


      Kamal A/c Dr.

      Cash A/c Dr.

      To Goodwill A/c


      Rahul A/c Dr.

      LoanA/c Dr.

      To Cash A/c

  2. Being Chander brought rs 20000 for his share of goodwill. Which account should be debited?
    1. Goodwill A/c
    2. Cash/Bank A/c
    3. Profit and Loss A/c
    4. Partner’s capital account
  3. If goodwill already existing in the --------, it should be written off by debiting old partners in their old profit sharing ratio
    1. Trading account
    2. Balance sheet
    3. Trial Balance
    4. Profit and loss account
  4. In case of undistributed accumulated losses whose account should be debited
    1. New partner’s A/c
    2. Old partner’s Capital A/c
    3. Gaining Partner’s A/c
    4. Goodwill A/c
  5. What treatment should be given to Employee’s Provident Fund appearing in the liabilities side of the Balance Sheet in case of admission of a partner
    1. Not to be distributed
    2. Should be distributed in equal ratio
    3. Should be distributed as a part of reserve
    4. Both treatment can be done
  6. A and B were partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 5 : 3. They admitted C as a new partner. The new profit sharing ratio between A, B and C was 3: 2 : 3. A surrendered15 th of his share in favour of C. Calculate B’s sacrifice.

  7. Accounting Standard-26 requires that goodwill is to be recorded in the books of accounts only when money or money’s worth has been paid for it. How will you deal with the issue, if the new partner is unable to bring in his share of goodwill ?

  8. Amit and Viney are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in 3:1 ratio. On 1.1.2017 they admitted Ranjan as a partner. On Ranjan’s admission the profit and loss account of Amit and Viney showed a debit balance of Rs 40,000. Record necessary journal entry for the treatment of the same.

  9. (All partners sacrifice) : A and B partners sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3:2. They admit C into partnership for 1/4 share in profits. C’s brings Rs. 3,00,000 as capital and Rs. 1,00,000 as goodwill. New profit sharing ratio of the partners shall be 3:3:2. Pass necessary Journal entries.

  10. At the time of admission of a new partner, new profit-sharing ratio is ascertained. The new of incoming partner acquires the share from old partners and as a result profit share of old partners is reduced. What is it known as and why is it important to ascertain it?

  11. A and B who shared profits in the proportion of 5 : 3 had capitals of Rs 70,000 and Rs 40,000 respectively. They agree to admit C into partnership for 110th share in future profits. C brings Rs 30,000 as capital and is unable to bring Rs 1,600 as his share of goodwill in cash. Give journal entries.

  12. Asha and Aditi are partners in a firm sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 3 : 2They admit Raghav as a partner for 14th share in the profits of the firm Raghav brings Rs.6,00,000 as his capital and his share of goodwill in cash. Goodwill of the firm is to be valued at two year's purchase of average profits of the last four years.
    The profits of the firm during the last four years are given below:

    YearProfit (Rs.)
    2013 - 143,50,000
    2014 - 154,75,000
    2015 - 166,70,000
    2016 - 177,45,000

    The following additional information is given.

    1. To occur management cost an annual charge or Rs. 56,250 should be made for the purpose of valuation of goodwill.
    2. The closing stock for the year ended 31st March 2017 was overvalued by Rs. 15,000 Pass necessary journal entries on Raghav's admission showing the working notes clearly.
  13. X and Y are partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 4 : 3. On 1st April, 2012, they admitted Z as a new partner. Z brought in Rs 1,00,000 for his capital and Rs 21,000 for 1/3 rd share of goodwill premium. On Z’s admission goodwill appeared in the books of the firm at Rs 28,000. Record the necessary journal entries on Z's admission

  14. A, B and C were partners in a firm sharing profits in the ratio of 3:2:1. On 31st March, 2019 their balance sheet was as follows

    Balance Sheet
    as at 31st March, 2015

    Liabilities Amit (Rs)AssetsAmt (Rs)
    Creditors 84,000Bank17,000
    General Reserve 21,000Debtors23,000
    Capital A/cs  Stock1,10,000
    A60,000 Investments30,000
    B40,000 Furniture and Fittings10,000
      2,25,000 2,25,000

    On the above date, D was admitted as a new partner and it was decided that

    1. The new profit sharing ratio between A, B, C and D will be 2: 2: 1: 1.
    2. Goodwill of the firm was valued at Rs 90,000 and D brought his share of goodwill premium in cash.
    3. The market value of investments was Rs 24,000.
    4. Machinery will be reduced to Rs 29,000.
    5. A creditor of Rs 3,000 was not likely to claim the amount and hence to be written-off.
    6. D will bring proportionate capital so as to give him l/6th share in the profits of the firm.
      Prepare revaluation account, partners’ capital accounts and the balance sheet of the reconstituted firm.
  15. On 31st March, 2010 the balance sheet of W and R who shared profits in 3: 2 ratio was as follows

    Balance Sheet
    as at 31st March, 2010

    Liabilities Amt (Rs)Assets Amt (Rs)
    Creditors 20,000Cash '5,000
    Profit and Loss A/c 15,000Sundry Debtors20,000 
    Capital A/cs  (-) Provision for Doubtful Debts(700)19,300
    W40,000 Stock 25,000
    R30,00070,000Plant and Machinery 35,000
       Patents 20,700
      1,05,000  1,05,000

    On this date, B was admitted as a partner on the following conditions

    1. B will get 4/15th share of profits.
    2. B had to bring Rs 30,000 as his capital to which amount other partners’ capital shall have to be adjusted.
    3. He would pay cash for his share of goodwill which would be based on 2.5 years’ purchase of average profits of past 4 years.
    4. The assets would be revalued as under Sundry debtors at book value less 5% provision for bad debts, stock at ? 20,000, plant and machinery at Rs 40,000.
    5. The profits of the firm for the year’s ending on 31st March, 2007, 2008 and 2009 were Rs 20,000, Rs 14,000 and Rs 17,000 respectively.
      Prepare revaluation account, partners’ capital account and balance sheet of the new firm.

CBSE Test Paper 01
Admission of a Partner


    1. No entry will be passed, Explanation: No need to pass any journal entry when a new partner pays his premium for goodwill amount privately to the sacrificing partners, it will not be recorded in the books of accounts.
    1. Cash/Bank A/c, Explanation: When a new partner is admitted and he brings his share of goodwill (premium for goodwill) in cash, in such a case Cash or Bank account should be debited and Premium for goodwill account should be credited.
    1. Balance sheet, Explanation: The goodwill already existing in the balance sheet of the old firm should be written off and transferred to the old partners capital account in the old ratio.
    1. Old partner’s Capital A/c, Explanation: At the time of admission of a new partner, all accumulated profits and losses should be distributed among the old partners in their old profit sharing ratio. Accumulated losses given in the assets side of the balance sheet should also be written off to he old partners in the old ratio. Hence the old partners capital accounts are to be debited to write off the accumulated losses in the balance sheet.
    1. Not to be distributed, Explanation: Employee provident fund is not a free reserve.It is not an accumulated profit. Partners cannot distribute it among themselves. This is outsiders’ liability which has to be paid to the employees after sometime. It will be shown in the new balance sheet of the firm (if not paid).
  1. B's Sacrifice = Old Share - New Share

    we can say, 13rd of B's share

  2. When the new partner is unable to bring premium of goodwill in cash. In such a situation, New Partner’s Capital Account will be debited with his share of goodwill and sacrificing Partners’ Capital Accounts will be credited with their respective shares. In case of Fixed Capital Accounts, new partners Current Accounts will be debited and sacrificing partners current a/c will be credited.

  3. Books of Amit, Viney and Ranjan Journal
    DateParticularsL.F.Dr. Rs.Cr. Rs.
    01.01.17Amit’s Capital A/c Dr. 30,000 
     Viney’s Capital A/c Dr. 10,000 
     To Profit and Loss A/c  40,000
     (Being debit balance of Profit and Loss Account distributed between old partner in their old ratio, i.e., 3 : 1)   
  4. Journal

    DateParticularsL.F.Debit (Rs.)Credit (Rs.)
    iBank A/c Dr. 4,00,000 
     To Premium for Goodwill A/c  1,00,000
     To C’s Capital A/c  3,00,000
     (Being the amount of goodwill and capital brought in by new partner.)   
     Premium for Goodwill A/c Dr. 1,00,000 
     To A’s Capital A/c  90,000
     To B’s Capital A/c  10,000
     (Being the goodwill distributed between A and B in their sacrificing ratio i.e., 9 : 1, see W.N.1)   

    Working Note:-

    Calculating sacrificing Ratio

    Sacrificing Share = Old Share - New Share

    A = 3538=241540=940

    B = 2538=161540=140

  5. When a new partner is admitted in the firm, he has to be given a share in the profit of the firm. This part of the profit has to be compensated by the old partners. Hence their part of share in profit gets reduced. The reduced part of the profit-sharing ratio of the old partners is known as Sacrificing Ratio. It is important to ascertain the sacrificing ratio because of the reason that the new partner will have a share in an existing firm for which he compensates by paying goodwill to the sacrificing partner or partners in the sacrificing ratio.

  6. Books of A, B and C

    DateParticulars L.F.Dr. (Rs)Cr. (Rs)
    (i)Bank A/cDr. 30,000 
     To C's Capital A/c   30,000
     (Being cash brought in by C for his share of capital.)    
    (ii)C's Capital A/cDr. 1,600 
     To A's Capital A/c   1,000
     To B's Capital A/c   600
     (Being share of goodwill on C’s admission is adjusted in sacrificing ratio, i.e., 5 : 3.)    
  7. JOURNAL Entries

    2017  Rs.Rs.
    Apr 01Cash A/c.......Dr. 8,50,000 
     To Raghav's Capital A/c  6,00,000
     To Premium for Goodwill A/c  2,50,000
     (Being Rahgav brought his capital and goodwill.)   
    Apr 01Premium for Goodwill A/c.......Dr. 2,50,000 
     To Asha's Capital A/c  1,50,000
     To Aditi's Capital A/c  1,00,000
     (Being goodwill brought by new partner distributed among the old partners in their sacrificing ratio.)   

    Working Note:
    Calculation of Adjusted Profit

    YearProfitAdjustments Adjusted Profit
    2013 - 143,50,000- 56,250=2,93,750
    2014 - 154,75,000- 56,250=4,18,750
    2015 - 166,70,000- 56,250=6,13,750
    2016 - 177,45,000- 56,250 - 15,000=6,73,750

    Average Adjusted profit = 20,00,0004 = Rs. 5,00,000
    Goodwill = Average profit × Number of years' purchase
    = 5,00,000 × 2 = Rs. 10,00,000
    Raghav's share of goodwill = 10,00,000 × 14 = Rs. 2,50,000 to be shared by Asha and Aditi in 3 : 2 ratio.

  8. Journal

    DateParticulars L.F.Debit Amount (Rs)Credit Amount(Rs)
    01/04/2012X's Capital A/cDr. 16,000 
     Y's Capital A/cDr. 12,000 
     To Goodwill A/c   28,000
     (Being the existing goodwill written off prior to Z’s admission between X and Y in their Profit Sharing Ratio, which is 4:3)    
    01/04/2012Bank A/cDr. 1,21,000 
     To Z's Capital A/c   1,00,000
     To premium of Goodwill A/c   21,000
     (Being Z brought in cash for his capital and his share of goodwill for 1/4th share in future profit)    
    01/04/2012Premium of Goodwill A/cDr. 21,000 
     To X's Capital A/c   12,000
     To Y's Capital A/c   9,000
     (Being the premium for goodwill brought in by Z transferred to the Capital Accounts of X and Y in their sacrificing ratio, which is 4 : 3)    
  9. Working Notes:

    1. total Goodwill = 90,000
      D's share = 90,000 × 1/6 = 15,000
      Calculation Of Gain Or Sacrifice
      Sacrifice = Old Share - New Share
      A's Sacrifice = 3/6 - 2/6 = 1/6
      B's Sacrifice = 2/6 - 2/6 = 0
      C's Sacrifice = 1/6 - 1/6 = 0
      So Cash Brought By D for Goodwill Will Be Credited To A's Account only.
    2. Calculation of D's Capital
      Adjusted Capital Of A = 81,000
      Adjusted Capital Of B = 44,000
      Adjusted Capital Of C = 22,000
      Total Adjusted Capital = 1,47,000
      Combined Share Of A, B, C = 1 - 1/6 = 5/6
      So D's Share In Capital = 1,47,000 × 6/5 × 1/6 = 29,400

    Revaluation Account

    ParticularsAmountParticulars Amount
    To Investment6,000By Creditors a/c 3,000
    To Machinery A/c6,000By Revaluation Loss T/F  
      A's Capital A/c4,500 
      B's Capital A/c3,000 
      C's Capital A/c1,5009,000
     12,000  12,000

    Partner's Capital A/c:-

    To Revaluation (Loss)4,5003,0001,500 By Bal b/d60,00040,00020,000 
    To Bal C/d81,00044,00022,00029,400By General Reserve10,5007,0003,500 
         By Premium for Goodwill (WN1)15,000   
         By Bank (WN 2)   29,400
     85,50047,00023,50029,400 85,50047,00023,50029,400

    Balance Sheet:-

    Liabilities AmountAssetsAmount
    Creditors 81,000Bank61,400
    Capital A/c  Debtors23,000
    A81,000 Stock1,10,000
    B44,000 Investment24,000
    C22,000 Furniture And Fittings10,000
      2,57,400 2,57,400
    1. DrRevaluation AccountCr
      To Provision for Bad Debts A/c300By Plant and Machinery A/c 5,000
      To Stock A/c5,000By Loss Transferred to  
        W's Capital A/c (300×3/5)180 
        R's Capital A/c (300×2/5)120300
       5,300  5,300
      DrPartners’ Capital AccountCr
      ParticularsW (Rs)R (Rs)B (Rs)ParticularsW (Rs)R (Rs)B (Rs)
      To Revaluation A/c (Loss)180120__By Balance b/d40,00030,000__
      To Cash A/c5,9207,280__By Cash A/c____30,000
      (Balancing figure)   By Premium for Goodwill A/c6,6004,400 
      To Balance c/d49,50033,00030,000By Profit and Loss A/c9,0006,000 

      Balance Sheet
      as at 31st March, 2010

      Liabilities Amt(Rs)Assets Amt(Rs)
      Creditors 20,000Debtors20,000 
      Capital A/cs  (-) Provision for Doubtful Debts(1,000)19,000
      W49,500 Stock (25,000- 5,000) 20,000
      R33,000 Plant and Machinery (35,000+ 5,000) 40,000
      B30,0001,12,500Patents 20,700
         Cash 32,800
        1,32,500  1,32,500

      Working Note
      Calculation of New Profit Sharing Ratio

      Let total profit be 1
      B ’s share of profit =415 Remaining share=1415=15415=1115
      W's new share = 1115×35=3375; R's new share = =1115×25=2275
      B's new share = 415×55=2075
      New profit sharing ratio = 33:22:20
      Calculation of Goodwill
      4years average profit =20,000+14,000+17,000+15,0004=Rs16,500
      Value of Firm's Goodw = Average Profit×Number of Year's Purchase
      B ’s share of goodwill =41,250×415=Rs11,000 to be credited to W and R in Sacrificing ratio i.e., 3:2

      DrCash AccountCr
      To Balance b/d5,000By W's Capital A/c5,920
      To B's Capital A/c30,000By R's Capital A/c7,280
      To Premium for Goodwill A/c11,000By Balance c/d (Balancing figure)32,800
       46,000 46,000

      Calculation of Adjustment of Capital
      B’s share =415
      B ’s capital = Rs 30,000
      For 415 th share, capital = Rs 30,000
      Total capital = 30,000×154=Rs12,500
      W ’s new capital = 1,12,500×3375=Rs49,500
      R ’s new capital = 1,12,500×2275=Rs33,000
      B’s new capital =