Understanding Our Criminal Justice system - Solutions

CBSE Class–VIII Social Science
NCERT Solution
Political Science Chapter 6
Understanding Our Criminal Justice

1. In a town called Peace Land, the supporters of the Fiesta football team learn that the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the nearby city about 40 km away have damaged the ground on which the Final between both teams is to be held the following day. A crowd of Fiesta fans armed with deadly weapons attacks the homes of the supporters of the Jubilee football team in the town. In the attack, 10 men are killed, 5 women are gravely hurt, many homes are destroyed and over 50 people injured.
Imagine that you and your classmates are now part of the criminal justice system. First divide the class into the following four groups of persons:
Police 2. Public Prosecutor 3. Defense lawyer 4. Judge
The column on the right provides a list of functions. Match these with the roles that are listed on the left. Have each group picked the functions that it needs to perform to bring justice to those who were affected by the violence of the Fiesta fans? In what order, will these functions be performed?
Policehear the witnesses
Public prosecutorrecord the statements of witnesses
Defense Lawyercross examine the witnesses
Judgetake photographs of burnt homes
 record the evidence
 arrest the Fiesta fans
 writes the judgment
 argue the case for the victims
 decide for how many years the accused will be put in jail
 examine the witnesses in court
 pass the judgment
 get the assaulted women medically examined
 conduct a fair trial
 Meet the accused persons
Ans :
1. Record the statements of witnesses.
2. Records the evidence.
3. Take photographs of burnt homes.
4. Arrest the Fiesta fans.
5. Get the assaulted women medically examined.
Public Prosecutor
1. Examine the witnesses.
2. Cross examine the witnesses in court.
3. Argue the case for the victims.
Defense Lawyer
1. Examine the witnesses.
2. Meet the accused persons.
3. Cross examine the witness in court.
1. Hear the witness.
2. Writes the judgment.
3. Decide for how many years the accused will be put in jail.
4.pass the judgment.
5. Conduct a fair trial.  

2. Now take the same situation but ask one student who is a supporter of the Fiesta Club to perform the functions listed above. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not? State two reasons why you believe that different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system?
  • If the same person performs all the above functions there is no chance of a fair trial. Judgment can never be done because one person may be biased or prejudiced or against the accused or he may get confused.
  • The person would be influenced by several internal and external prejudices if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system.
  • He can be overpowered by anyone which may affect the process of investigation and influence the judgment.
  • Thus a separation of powers is necessary within a judicial system too, since absolute power can never be fair.
Different persons need to play different roles as a part of the criminal justice system because:
  • All aspects of an investigation and trial cannot be conducted by one person alone as they entail diverse kinds of work including, arrests, recording of witness statements, defense of accused and victims' parties, the passing of a fair trial and a judicially correct judgment.
  • Thus there should be different persons handling different offices in the criminal justice system to think wisely, understand the situations and pronounce the verdict in accordance with the law.   
  • Power may get misused if all these powers are vested in one person alone violating the rule of law based on equal and just decisions.