### Understanding Elementary Shapes-Solutions Ex-5.1

CBSE Class –VI Mathematics

NCERT Solutions

Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes (Ex. 5.1)

NCERT Solutions

Chapter 5 Understanding Elementary Shapes (Ex. 5.1)

Question 1. What is the disadvantage in comparing line segments by mere observation?

Answer: There may be a chance of error due to improper viewing.

Answer: There may be a chance of error due to improper viewing.

Question 2. Why is it better to use a divider than a ruler while measuring the length of a line segment?

Answer: It is better to use a divider than a ruler, because the thickness of the ruler may cause difficulties in reading off her length. However, divider gives up the accurate measurement.

Answer: It is better to use a divider than a ruler, because the thickness of the ruler may cause difficulties in reading off her length. However, divider gives up the accurate measurement.

Question 3.Draw any line segment, say Take any point C lying in between A and B. Measure the lengths of AB, BC and AC. Is AB = AC + CB?

[Note: If A, B, C are any three points on a line, such that AC + CB = AB, hence we can be sure that C lies between A and B.]

Answer: Yes.

AB = 6.5 cm, AC = 3cm, CB = 3.5 cm

AC + CB = 3 cm + 3.5 cm = 6.5 cm = AB

[Note: If A, B, C are any three points on a line, such that AC + CB = AB, hence we can be sure that C lies between A and B.]

Answer: Yes.

AB = 6.5 cm, AC = 3cm, CB = 3.5 cm

AC + CB = 3 cm + 3.5 cm = 6.5 cm = AB

Question 4.If A, B, C are three points on a line such that AB = 5 cm, BC = 3cm and AC = 8 cm, which one of them lies between the other two?

Answer: is the longest line segment, thus B is the point between A and C.

Answer: is the longest line segment, thus B is the point between A and C.

Question 5.Verify whether D is the mid-point of

Answer: AD = 3 units, DG = 3 units

Answer: AD = 3 units, DG = 3 units

AD = DG.

Thus, D is the mid-point.

Thus, D is the mid-point.

Question 6. If B is the mid-point of and C is the mid-point of where A, B, C, D lie on a straight line, say why AB = CD?

Answer: B is the mid-point of .

AB = BC ……….(i)

And C is the mid-point of .

BC = CD ……….(ii)

From eq. (i) and (ii),

AB = CD

Question 7.Draw five triangles and measure their sides. Check in each case, of the sum of the lengths of any two sides is always less than the third side.

Answer: Yes, the sum of two sides of a triangle is always greater than the third side.

apply Pythagorean theorem to find the hypotenuse i.e 14.14cm

Answer: Yes, the sum of two sides of a triangle is always greater than the third side.

apply Pythagorean theorem to find the hypotenuse i.e 14.14cm