The Three Orders - Solutions

 CBSE Class 11 History

NCERT Solutions
Chapter-6 The Three Orders

NCERT Textbook Questions Solved
 Answer in Brief

Q1. Describe two features of early feudal society in France.

Ans. Two features of early feudal society:

  • It was based on the lord peasants relationship.The peasants offered labour in the service of the service of their lord.
  • Early feudal society in France was based on the relationship of lord and peasants. The peasants had to offer labour in the service of their lords.
  • The lord enjoyed special status. His order was supreme. Nobody could deny his order.

Q2. How did long-term changes in population levels affect economy and society in Europe?

Ans. Long-term changes in population levels affect economy and society:

  1. This change brought about a new change in agricultural production. Production reached at its peak. Good quality of goods was also produced. It increased the life expectancy rate.
  2. A number of towns come into being. They also became the centre of trade and commerce. Society became more advanced and civilised.

Q3. Why did knights become a distinct group and when did they decline?

Ans. Local wars became the common feature of the European society during the 9th century. There was also a shortage of traide cavalry for these wars. The adroit horsemen were the need of the hour to win these localized wars among the nobles feudal. Taking the advantage of this situation, the knights became a distinct group precisely for the achieving this aim. The fall of feudal power paved the way for the decliine of knight during the 15th century.

Q4. What was the function of medieval monasteries?

Ans. The places where few religious figures preferred to live during middle age Europe were as monasteries.The function of the medieval monasteries was:

  1. It inspired the people to lead a simple life.
  2. It also inspired the people to serve the sick and the needy.
  3. It also inspired the people to donate for a noble cause.
  4. The people living in monasteries inspired the people to lead a simple lief.

II. Answer in a short essay
Q5. Imagine and describe a day in the life of a craftsman in a medieval French town.

Ans. Students are advised to answer this question with the help of their teachers. Following guidelines are given to complete this task:

  • Trading guilds controlled and supervised their activities and took great care of their needs.
  • Craftsmen worked under the supervision of guilds. They were skilled persons.

Q6. Compare the conditions of life for a French serf and a Roman slave.

Ans. French Serfs: They cultivated land that mainly belonged to the lord. Most of the produce from these land was given to the lord.
They also had to work that belonged exclusively to the land and were given no wages.

  • They could not leave the estate without the prior permission of their master/lord and could not marry their child according to their wishes.
  • The lord could decide their fate. As a whole their life was full of misery.

Roman Slaves: Slavery was in a practice in Roman society. The Roman led a life full of misery. They were forced to work for several hours. They were forced to produce more children, so that when they grew up, they could also made slaves.They have no right and identity of their own.They were treated as a object or commodity which could be bought and sold in market.