### Practical Geometry - Solutions 5

CBSE Class –VIII Mathematics

NCERT Solutions

CHAPTER - 4

Practical Geometry (Ex. 4.5)

NCERT Solutions

CHAPTER - 4

Practical Geometry (Ex. 4.5)

Draw the following:

1. The square READ with RE = 5.1 cm.

Solution : Given: RE = 5.1 cm

To construct: the square READ.

Steps of construction:

(i) Draw a line segment RE = 5.1 cm.

(i) Draw a line segment RE = 5.1 cm.

(ii) At point E, construct an angle of 90o and draw an arc of radius 5.1 cm, mark the intesection of line and arc as point A.

(iii) From point R, draw an arc of radius 5.1 cm and from point A, draw another arc of radius 5.1 cm, mark the intersection of the two arcs as point D.

(iv) Join AD and RD.

It is the required square READ.

2. A rhombus whose diagonals are 5.2 cm and 6.4 cm.

Solution: Given: Diagonals of a rhombus

AC = 5.2 cm and BD = 6.4 cm.

To construct: A rhombus ABCD.

Steps of construction:

(i) Draw AC = 5.2 cm and draw a perpendicular bisector on AC.

(i) Draw AC = 5.2 cm and draw a perpendicular bisector on AC.

(ii) From the midpoint O, draw two arcs of radius 3.2 cm cutting the perpendicular bisector on both sides.

(iii) Mark the points of intersection of arcs and perpendicular bisector as B and D.

(iv) Join AB, BC, CD and DA.

It is required rhombus ABCD.

3. A rectangle with adjacent sides of length 5 cm and 4 cm.

Solution: Given: MN = 5 cm and MP = 4 cm.

To construct: A rectangle MNOP

Steps of construction:

(a) Draw a segment MN = 5 cm.

(a) Draw a segment MN = 5 cm.

(b) At points M and N, draw perpendiculars of lengths 4 cm and produce them.

(c) Taking centres M and N, draw two arcs of 4 cm each, which intersect P and Q respectively.

(d) Join side PO.

It is required rectangle MNOP.

4. A parallelogram OKAY where OK = 5.5 cm and KA = 4.2 cm.

Solution:

Given: OK = 5.5 cm and KA = 4.2 cm.

To construct: A parallelogram OKAY.

Steps of construction:

(a) Draw a line segment OK = 5.5 cm.

(a) Draw a line segment OK = 5.5 cm.

(b) Draw an angle of 90o at K and draw an arc of radius KA = 4.2 cm, which intersects at point A.

(c) Draw another arc of radius AY = 5.5 cm and at point O, draw another arc of radius 4.2 cm which intersect at Y.

(d) Join AY and OY.

It is the required parallelogram OKAY.