Motion And Measurement Of Distances-Solutions

CBSE Class–VI Subject Science
NCERT Solutions


Question 1. Give two examples each of modes of transport used on land, water and air.
On LandIn WaterIn Air
Car, TrainBoat, ShipAeroplace, Helicopter
Question 2. Fill in the blanks:
(i) One meter is -------- cm.
(ii) Five kilometer is ----------- m.
(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is ------------.
(iv) Motion of the needle of a swing machine is ----------------.
(v) Motion of a wheel of a bicycle is -------------.
Answer: (i) One meter is 100 cm.
(ii) Five kilometer is 5000 m.
(iii) Motion of a child on a swing is Oscillatory motion.
(iv) Motion of the needle of a swing machine is periodic motion.
(v) Motion of a wheel of a bicycle is circular motion
Question 3. Why can a pace or footstep not be used as a standard unit of length?
Answer: We cannot use pace or a footstep as standard unit of length as the size of foot and the footstep will not be the same for every individual. Thus, the measurement will not be same for different people.
Question 4. Arrange the following lengths in their increasing magnitude.
1metre, 1 centimetre, 1 kilometre, 1 milimetre.
Answer: 1 millimetre, 1 centimetre, 1 metre, 1 kilometre.
Question 5. The height of a person is 1.65 m. express it into cm and mm.
Answer: 1.65 m = 1.65 X 100 cm  = 165 cm.                     ( 1 m = 100 cm)
                1.65 m = 165 cm = 165 X 10 mm = 1650 mm      ( 1cm = 10 mm)
Question 6. The distance between Radha’s home and her school is 3250 m. express this distance into km.
Answer: 3250 m = 3250/1000 km  = 3.250 km                   ( 1 m = 1/1000 km)
Question 7. While measuring the length of a knitting needle, the reading of the scale at one end is 3.0 cm and at the other end 33.1 cm. What is the length of the needle?
Answer: Length of needle = final reading - Initial reading = 33.1 cm – 3.0 cm = 30.1 cm.
Question 8. Write the similarities and differences between the motion of a bicycle and ceiling fan that has been switched on.
Answer: Similarities: - Wheel of a bicycle and ceiling fan both shows circular motion.
Differences: - Cycle moves in rectilinear motion but ceiling fan does not move in rectilinear motion.
Question 9. Why could you not use an elastic measuring tape to measure distance? What would be some of the problems you would meet in telling someone about a distance you measured with an elastic tape? 
Answer: Elastic tap will not give accurate measurement because it stretches in length and reduces in size when not stretched. While telling the measurement taken with an elastic tape. We have to tell whether the tape was stretched and by how much. This is very difficult.
Question 10. Give two examples of periodic motion.
Answer: Example of periodic motion-
(ii)Child on the swing.