Displacing Indigenous Peoples - Solutions

 CBSE Class 11 History

NCERT Solutions
Chapter - 10 Displacing Indigenous People

NCERT Textbook Questions Solved
 Answer in Brief

Q1. Comment on any points of difference between the native peoples of South and North America. (HOTS)
 Owing to topographical differences, South Americans were hunter-gatherers, agriculturists and herders. The people in South America were not very welcoming they were overcome by the abundance of gold in the country. In North America, native people used to live in band in villages along the river valleys. They ate fish and meat and cultivated vegetables and maize.An important tradition among them was that goods were obtained not by buying but as gifts. The natives of South America maintained empires and kingdoms, while the natives of North America did not maintain it.

Q2. Other than the use of English, what other features of English economic and social life do you notice in 19th century USA? (HOTS)
 In the 19th century, the landscapes of America changed immensely. The Europeans treated the land in a different way. Some of the migrants from Britain and France were eager to have their own land in America. In the prairie grasslands, people from Poland Were happy to work. They wanted to buy huge properties at low cost. They cleared land and developed agriculture. They introduced crops which could not grow in Europe and therefore, could be sold for the profit. To protect their farms they hunted wild animals. With the invention of barbed wire in 1873 they felt totally secured. Besides the northern states of USA argued for ending slavery which they condemned as an inhuman practice.

Q3. What did the ‘frontier’ mean to the Americans?
 The conquest and purchase of land by the Americans resulted in the extension of boundaries. The natives of America were compelled to move accordingly. The boundary where natives reached was known as ‘Frontier’.

Q4. Why was the history of the Australian native peoples left out of the history books?
 Human habitation in Australia has a long history.There were about 350 to 750 native communities in Australia each with its own language but no written records. They were displaced by the Europeans. Early settlers were convicts deported from England. Hence, they were unknown to the area. They had not even their own tradition and history. Nothing has been written in  Australian history textbooks about the native peoples. That is why the Australian native peoples were left out of history. It could be made possible from the decade of 1960's that native peoples started keeping their records.

II. Answer in a Short Essay

Q5. How satisfactory is a museum gallery display in explaining the culture of a people? Give examples from your own experience of a museum.
 A museum gallery displays the culture of a people in the following ways:

  • In museum, we seek information regarding dialects and languages.
  • Remains of pots, apparels, ornaments and other things are displayed. Books, research papers, survey reports and works of historians and archaeologists are kept in the gallery of museum.
  • Icons of the ancient periods, the theology in its basic forms and coins are also found in the museum.
  • The habits,form of economy,sources of entertainment ,burial rituals all these can also be studied through the items on display in a museum

In fact, the museum is a storehouse of all the things symbolizing cultures of human beings from prehistoric period to the present. These things display cultures of the respective periods.

Q6. Imagine an encounter in California in about 1880 between four people: a former African slave, a Chinese labourer, a German who had come out in the Gold Rush, and a native of the Hopi tribe, and narrate their conversation.
 It is an activity based question. Students are advised to attempt it with the help of their teachers. The students can be divided into four groups with each representing the four categories and take a common topic say agriculture and represent their case in that language