### Comparing Quantities - Solutions 1

CBSE Class –VIII Mathematics
NCERT Solutions
CHAPTER - 8
Comparing Quantities (Ex. 8.1)

1. Find the ratio of the following:
(a) Speed of a cycle 15 km per hour to the speed of scooter 30 km per hour.
(b) 5 m to 10 km
(c) 50 paise to Rs. 5
Ans. (a) Speed of cycle = 15 km/hr
Speed of scooter = 30 km/hr
Hence ratio of speed of cycle to that of scooter = 15 : 30 =  = 1 : 2
(b)  1 km = 1000 m
10 km = = 10000 m
Ratio =  =  = 1 : 2000
(c) Rs 1 = 100 paise
Rs 5 = = 500 paise
Hence Ratio =  =  = 1 : 10

2. Convert the following ratios to percentages:
(a) 3 : 4     (b) 2 : 3
Ans. (a) Percentage of 3 : 4 =   = 75%
(b) Percentage of 2 : 3 =   =

3. 72% of 25 students are good in mathematics. How many are not good in mathematics?
Ans. Total number of students = 25
Number of good students in mathematics  = 72% of 25 =  = 18
Number of students not good in mathematics  = 25 – 18 = 7
Hence percentage of students not good in mathematics =  = 28%

4. A football team won 10 matches out of the total number of matches they played. If their win percentage was 40, then how many matches did they play in all?
Ans. Let total number of matches be
According to question,
40% of total matches = 10
40% of  = 10

= 25
Hence total number of matches are 25.

5. If Chameli had Rs. 600 left after spending 75% of her money, how much money did       she have in the beginning?
Ans. Total percentage of money she didn't spent =  100% - 75%=25%
According to question,
25% = 600
1% = 600/25
100% =$\frac{600}{25}×100$
Hence the money in the beginning was Rs 2,400.

6. If 60% people in a city like cricket, 30% like football and the remaining like other games, then what percent of the people like other games? If the total number of people are 50 lakh, find the exact number who like each type of game.
Ans. Number of people who like cricket = 60%
Number of people who like football = 30%
Number of people who like other games = 100% – (60% + 30%) = 10%
Now Number of people who like cricket = 60% of 50,00,000
= 30,00,000
And Number of people who like football
= 30% of 50,00,000
= 15,00,000
Number of people who like other games = 10% of 50,00,000
= 5,00,000
Hence, number of people who like other games are 5 lakh.