POL Power sharing - CBSE Important Questions

CBSE Important Questions
Class 10 Social Science
Power Sharing

Q.1 How many people speak French and Dutch in the capital city of Brussels?
a) 60 percent French 40 percent Dutch
b) 50% Dutch 50% French
c) 80% French 20% Dutch
d) 80% Dutch 20% French
Ans.c) 80% French 20% Dutch
Q.2 How many times leaders of Belgium amended their constitution?
A) Two times
B) Three times
C) Four times
d) Since time
Ans.C) Four times
Q.3 Which one of the following is correct regarding power sharing?
A) It leads to conflict between different groups.
B) It ensures the stability of the country.
C) It helps to reduce the conflict between different groups.
a) Only A is true b) Only B is true c) Both A and B are true
d) Both B and C are true
Ans. d) Both B and C are true
Q.4 Which was the only official language of Sri Lanka?
a) Tamil (b) Malyalam
c) Sinhala (d) none of the mention above
Ans. c) Sinhala
Q.5 Which community was rich and powerful in Belgium?
a) German (b) French
c) Dutch (d) none of the mention above
Ans. (b) French
Short Answer questions
Q.1 What was a community government?
Ans- It was elected by the people belonging to language community – Dutch French and German speaking no metter where they live. It deals with cultural, educational and language related issues.57
Q.2 What was the political problems faced by Belgium?
Ans- Problems of ethnic composition-
1. 50% Dutch speaking, 40% French speaking, 1% German speaking
2. But in its capital- 80% French speaking, 20% Dutch speaking
3. French community was rich and powerful
Q.3 Explain the ethnic problem of Sri lanka.
Ans.1). In Silence there are two communities' sinhala and Tamil
2) Among Tamils the Tamil natives who are called, Sri lankan Tamils and the Indian Tamils whose
forefathers come from India as plantation workers during the colonial period.
3) Most of the Sinhalas are Buddhist and Tamils are Hindus or Muslims.
So in Sri lanka the problem was who is going to hold power and enjoy the economic benefits
Long Answers questions
Q.1 How Belgian government solved its ethnic Problem?
Ans- The Path of accommodation adopted in Belgium.
1) Dutch and French speaking ministers shall be equal in the central govt.
2) Many Powers of the central government have been given to state govt. The state govt are not subordinate
to the central govt.
3) Brussels has a separate govt in which both the communities have equal representation.
4) There is a third kind of govt called community govt elected by the people belonging to Dutch, French
and German no matter where they live.
Q.2 What is majoritarianism? How it has led to alienation of majority community in Sri Lanka?
Ans- The dominance of majority community to rule the country in whichever way it wants totally
disregarding the wishes and needs of minority community is known as majoritarianism
1) In sri lanka mainly there are two communities- Sinhala and Tamils the leaders of the sinhala
community sought to secure dominance over the govt by virtue of their majority. Sinhala has been
recognized as the official language of the country by disregarding
2) Government followed a preferential policy favouring sinhalased in university portions and govt jobs.
3) The govt encouraged and protected Budhism58
The distrust has turned into a civil war that has caused a set back to social cultural and economic life
of Sri lanka.
Extra Questions
Q.1 why is power sharing good for democracies?
Q.2 why power sharing is Desirables.
Q.3 Explain different forms of power sharing in modern democracies
Q.4 Explain the drawbacks of majoritarianism.
Q.5 it is possible to change the power sharing arrangement? If so How?